Bau 2005 and Bau 2011 mentioned only that investigators and volunteers were blinded to the content of the drink but did not mention the method of blinding used in these studies. Karatzi 2005 mentioned the method of blinding of participants, but it is not clear whether involved personnel were blinded Top 5 Advantages of Staying in a Sober Living House as well. The method of blinding of participants and personnel was not mentioned in Dumont 2010, Mahmud 2002, and Maule 1993. In Cheyne 2004, participants were blinded to the content of the drink, but some reported that they were able to detect the alcohol by taste at the end of the study.

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whiskey lowers blood pressure

We included adult (≥ 18) participants of both sexes without any restriction on their health condition. Calories from spirits are essentially the same but whiskey has no carbohydrates or sugar. Its ellagic acid content may also reduce bodily inflammation and lower the risk of obesity. In 16th-century Scotland, https://thefremontdigest.com/top-5-advantages-of-staying-in-a-sober-living-house/ apothecaries sold whiskey as a tonic to slow aging, cure congestion, and relieve joint pain. During American Prohibition, doctors prescribed whiskey to treat pneumonia, high blood pressure, and tuberculosis. Another serious health problem that comes from heavy use of alcohol is physiological dependence [2].

  • When trials compared more than one dose of alcohol, we handled each comparison separately.
  • More studies today report alcohol consumption in terms of either “drinks” or grams/units of ethanol per day or week, and alcohol consumption is measured by self-report.
  • The researchers reported that long-term intake of both types of tea lowered both systolic and diastolic blood pressure.
  • Alcohol consumption is categorized into different levels based on the amount consumed.

Buckman 2015 published data only

The behavioural risk factors contributing to hypertension have also been on the rise. The salt intake was estimated at 8.5 gms per day among adults, much higher than the WHO recommended salt intake of less than 5 gms/day for adults. Having high blood pressure means that your heart must pump harder, and the arteries have to carry blood that’s flowing under greater pressure.

Beilin 1992 published data only

The jury is still out, though, on whether this could potentially improve high blood pressure in severe cases. Hypertension leads to an increased risk of other health problems, including stroke, heart attack, and heart disease. In Barden 2013, treatment allocation was performed by a statistician who was not involved in the trial. Opaque sealed randomised envelopes were used in Cheyne 2004 and Foppa 2002, and random number allocator was used in Rosito 1999. It is important to note that information regarding the method of allocation concealment used in Foppa 2002 and Rosito 1999 was provided by the study author via email. We also contacted Hering 2011, but the study author did not explicitly mention in the email the method of allocation concealment used.

Potential biases in the review process

  • People over 40 years old or those with a higher risk of hypertension should have a doctor check their blood pressure at least once a year.
  • Keeping blood pressure within a healthy range can reduce the risk of adverse health outcomes.
  • High‐dose alcohol consumption increased HR by approximately 6 bpm in participants, and the effect lasted up to 12 hours.
  • No data on serious adverse events or quality of life were available for assessment.

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